Industrial Clutch- Definition, Functions, and Types

Different industries demand different industrial equipment with a wide range of features. As a result, they use various technologies that benefit from such features. Performance optimization of heavy-duty applications such as chippers and anchor winches is crucial for cost-effective industrial operations worldwide. As a result, the global market for industrial clutch and brakes is booming, and projections estimate that it will reach $2 billion over the next decade.

What are Industrial Clutches?

A clutch is a tool used to join and detach two different rotating bodies. These two bodies could be made up of shafts, gears, sprockets, a motor or prime mover, or any combination of these. Typical driven parts include gearboxes, generators, power take-off shafts, pumps, fans, and fans. Normally, power is transferred through the shaft of the driven or driving gear.

How does It Function?

A clutch is a mechanism for power transmission. It facilitates the regulation of a motor’s movement speed. A clutch is used in engines that have two spinning shafts. The two shafts connect the motor to the device’s moving parts. As a result, the clutch lets them move together (couple) or apart (decouple). A motor’s driveshaft is released when the shafts are separated. Users can pause an engine in this way without completely shutting it off.

Most mechanical equipment, including cars and industrial machinery, uses clutches because they are a core part of an engine. The clutch, for instance, in cars cuts off the power flow to the wheels. By doing this, the car can stop or hover without switching off the engine. A machine can pause while still operating because of industrial clutch mechanisms. The industrial clutch often causes the conveyor belt to stop. Clutches improve the efficiency of industrial work. There is no downtime between stopping and restarting the engine.

Industrial Clutch Types

Clutches are classified according to how they are activated. These include mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems. Here are the four popular types of industrial clutches:

1.    Low Inertia High Torque Clutch

This heavy-duty clutch is ideal for everyday clutch tasks. On the other hand, it excels at regulated acceleration and high-cycle actions. It is usually used in metal casting, petroleum production, and various related applications. It is intended to be installed on the end shaft.

2.    Power Grip Clutch

For a high inertia load, these grip clutches are used for shaft-to-shaft and in-line power transmission. They are ideal for heavy-duty activities since they can tolerate severe shock and torsional vibration. These are best suited for high inertia loads that require quick, smooth launches.

3.    PTO Clutch

Power take-off clutches are used for in-line or sideload tasks. PTO clutch applications include rock crushers, road construction equipment, and agricultural machines. The PTO skips the pilot bearing, simplifying installation and minimizing potential crankshaft damage.

4.    Electromagnetic Clutches

Electromagnetic clutches function electrically while mechanically delivering torque. Over the years, there have been significant redesigns of this type of industrial clutch. However, electromagnetic clutches still operate on the same fundamental concept.


For specific loading types, torque demands, and functions, there are many other industrial clutch designs and sizes available. The goal of designing specialized clutch products for various industrial machinery is to provide each operation with the resources needed to carry out the task effectively and keep operating.